Emblica officinalis commonly known as Indian Gooseberry or Amla.
As a tonic, Amla is prescribed for rejuvenation, recuperation and vitality.
Amla is well known for its anti-oxidant and detoxification properties along with tonifying and antiaging effect (Saini et al., 2008).
As an adaptogen, amla improves immunity and augments both cell mediated and humoral response. It enhances IL-2 and gamma-IFN production and inhibits apoptosis. It enhances NK cell activity and Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC).
Amla also acts as an immunomodulator in repeated respiratory infections in human beings. Amla possess anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties.
It is a potent immunosuppressant as that of dexamethasone and can be used in arthritis (Ganju et al., 203). It helps to reduce inflammation and oedema (Baliga and Dsouza, 2011).
Inhibiting immunosuppressive effects of Chromium on lymphocyte proliferation.
(Chromate ion is transferred into the cell by a transport mechanism, by which also sulfate and phosphate ions enter the cell. K. Kahn 2015)
A high amount of Ascorbic acid is present in the fruits of amla. It is useful for anaemia, jaundice and dyspepsia in combination with iron (Sai Ram et al., 2002).
It can also be used to treat and prevent cancer (Baliga and Dsouza, 2011).
Amla exhibits neuroprotective properties. In addition, experimental studies have shown that amla and some of its phytochemicals such as gallic acid, ellagic acid, pyrogallol, some norsesquiterpenoids, corilagin, geraniin, elaeocarpusin, and prodelphinidins B1 and B2 also possess antineoplastic effects.
Haritaki: (Terminalia chebula)
Researchers have isolated a number of glycosides from Haritaki, including the triterpenes arjunglucoside I, arjungenin, and the chebulosides I and II. Other constituents include a coumarin conjugated with gallic acids called chebulin, as well as other phenolic compounds including ellagic acid, 2,4-chebulyl-β-D-glucopyranose, chebulinic acid, gallic acid, ethyl gallate, punicalagin, terflavin A, terchebin, luteolin, and tannic acid. Chebulic acid is a phenolic acid compound isolated from the ripe fruits. Luteic acid can be isolated from the bark.
Haritaki has laxative, rejuvenative, purgative, astringent and dry properties. The paste of its fruit is effective in reducing swelling.
Bibhitaki: (Terminalia Belerica )
Main chemical constitutes are tannins mainly include ß- sitosterol, gallic acid, ellagic acid, ethyl gallate, galloyl glucose and chebulaginic acid. Terminalia belerica extract reduces the levels of lipids in hypercholesterolemic models. It causes significant decrease in liver lipids and heart lipids.
Triphala powder is made of a blend of equal parts Amlaki (Emblica officinalis) Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) and Bibhitaki (Terminalia Belerica)
Triphala is an Indian Ayurvedic Formulation, which is known for its anti-cancer properties. Toxicity study showed that triphala was non-toxic up to a dose of 240 mg/kg. It is also a good radioprotective agent.
It is useful in reducing the growth of cancerous tumours cells in the body. It is useful in the prevention of cancer and it also possesses antineoplastic, radioprotective and chemoprotective effects.
Triphala’s active ingredient chebunilic acid have been found to have the anti-tumour activity through suppression of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF) action.
Triphala has a strong taste. It is recommended to drink it with juice or to mix with raw honey. While it is possible to find triphala in pill form, the powder is fresh and more effective. It can be drank in water or juice, cold or warm or simmered and drunk as a medicinal tea.
When used as a digestive tonic or laxative, it is best taken in the evening, about two hours after eating, and at least 30 minutes before bedtime. No food should be eaten for one and a half hours after ingestion. (Do Not use if you are pregnant or breast feeding.)